Down Syndrome – is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of part of or all of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is typically associated with mild to moderate intellectual impairment, physical growth delays, and characteristic facial features. Down Syndrome can be described as a condition were a child presents with a significant delay in speech, cognition or physical ability in comparison to developmental norms. One or all areas can present with a delay (e.g. speech, cognition or physical development). Developmental norms need to be reached so that a child develops all necessary skills to engage in school and play activities as they get older. The condition would be confirmed by genetic testing conducted by a Paediatrician.